El Filibusterismo / The Reign of Greed

by Dr. José Rizal

(Book notes / Summary in English)

El Filibusterismo (Spanish for The Filibustering), also known by its English alternate title The Reign of Greed, is the second novel written by Philippine national hero José Rizal.  It is the sequel to Noli Me Tangere and like the first book, was written in Spanish.  Rizal began the work in October 1887 while practicing medicine in Calamba.  In London (1888), he made several changes to the plot and revised a number of chapters.  Rizal continued to work on his manuscript while in Paris, Madrid, and Brussels, finally completing it on March 29, 1891 in Biarritz.  It was published the same year in Ghent.

At present, El Filibusterismo is an important Filipino literary classic that is being studied in secondary school (in the fourth year) in the Philippines, in accordance with the curriculum set by the Commission on Higher Education.

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