Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo - Page 2 of 2

(Maria Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo)

Edukasyon

Elementarya at Mataas na Paaralan Kumbento ng Assumption (1954-1964)
Kolehiyo Bachelor of Science in Commerce, Assumption Convent (1968)
Bachelor of Arts in Economics, Georgetown University, Washinton, D.C. (1964-1966)
UPSE Fellowship (1970-1971)
Japan Foundation Grant (1976-1977)
Master of Arts in Economics, Ateneo de Manila University (1978)
Rockefeller Foundation, Scholarship (1978-1983)
PhD in Economics, Pamantasan ng Pilipinas (1985)

 

 

Mga Natatanging Tala sa Kasaysayan

  • Nagturo sa MaryKnoll College (ngayo’y Miriam College), St. Scholastica’s College, Ateneo de Manila University at Paaralan ng Ekonomiya ng Pamantasan ng Pilipinas.
  • Naging Tagapangulo ng Kagawaran ng Ekonomiya ng Kolehiyo ng Assumption (1984-1987).
  • Naging Tagapangulo at Pangulo, UP Health Maintenance Organization (UPHMO), 1989-1998.
  • Tagapangasiwang Patnugot, Sentro sa Pagpapaunlad ng Ekonomiya ng Pilipinas (PCED), 1994-1998.
  • Tagapangulo, UPEcon Foundation (1994-1998).
  • Pangalawang Kalihim, Kagawaran ng Kalakalan at Industriya.
  • Pangalawang Kalihim at Gobernador, Lupon ng mga Pamumuhunan (1986)
  • Nagsimula sa serbisyo publiko nang mahirang na assistant secretary ng Department of Trade ang Industry noong 1989 hanggang 1992.
  • Nanguna nang kumandidatong Senadora noong 1992 at 1995.
  • Nanungkulan bilang Secretary ng Department of Social Welfare and Development sa ilalim ng pamahalaan ni Joseph Estrada.
  • Nag-akda ng mga 55 batas ukol sa repormang pang-ekonomiya at panlipunan.
  • Tinanghal na "Outstanding Senator" ng Trade Congress Union ng Pilipinas.
  • Binigyang taguri ng Asiaweek Magazine bilang isa sa "Pinakamakapangyarihang Babae sa Asya".
  • Pinarangalan din bilang "Woman of the Year" ng Samahan ng mga Katolikong Guro ng Pilipinas.
  • Inihalal na Pangalawang-Pangulo ng Republika ng Pilipinas noong Mayo 11, 1998 kung saan ang nakuha niyang boto ay mas malaki ang taas sa tinanggap ng nahalal na Pangulong Estrada.
  • Pinanumpa ni Punong Mahistrado Hilario Davide bilang Pangulo ng Republika ng Pilipinas noong Enero 20, 2001 sa EDSA Shrine matapos iwan ni Pangulong Estrada ang Malacañang.
  • Sa pambansang halalang idinaos noong Mayo 10, 2004 ay nahalal bilang Pangulo ng Republika ng Pilipinas para sa anim na taon.
  • Umani ng batikos ang kanyang pamahalaan sa pagkampi kay Pangulong George Bush ng Estados Unidos nang magdeklara ito ng giyera sa bansang Iraq.
  • Humarap sa isang fiscal crisis ang kanyang pamahalaan makaraan ang patuloy na pagtaas ng langis sa pandaigdigang pamilihan at patuloy na pagbagsak ng ekonomiya.
  • Sa ilalim ng kanyang panunungkulan naganap ang panghu-hostage sa truck driver na si Angelo dela Cruz at accountant na si Robert Tarongoy sa Iraq gayundin sa United Nations volunteer na si Angelito Nayan sa Afghanistan.
  • Hinarap din ng kanyang administrasyon ang malaking pinsala na dulot ng malalakas na bagyong Unding, Violeta, Winnie, Yoyong at Ondoy na nagdulot ng dagling pagbaha at malawakang pagkasira ng mga pananim at inprastruktura sa maraming siyudad at lalawigan.

Education

Elementary and Secondary Assumption Convent
College Bachelor of Science in Commerce, Assumption Convent (1968).
Bachelor of Arts in Economics, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.
UPSE Fellowship (1970-1971)
Japan Foundation Grant (1976-1977)
Master of Arts in Economics, Ateneo de Manila University (1978)
Rockefeller Foundation, Scholarship (1978-1983)
PhD in Economics, University of the Philippines (1985)

 

 

Important Notes in History

  • Taught at Maryknoll College (now Miriam College), St . Scholastica’s College, Ateneo de Manila University, and School of Economics of the University of the Philippines.
  • Head of the Department of Economics of Assumption College (1984-1987).
  • Head and President of the UP Health Maintenance Organization (UPHMO), 1989-1998.
  • Managing Editor, Center for the Economic Progress of the Philippines (PCED), 1994-1998.
  • Head, UPEcon Foundation (1994-1998).
  • Assistant Secretary and Governor, Committee on Investments (1986).
  • Started in the public service when she was named Assistant Secretary of the Department of Trade and Industry from 1989 to 1992.
  • Topped the senatorial race in 1992 and 1995.
  • Served as Secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development under the government of Joseph Estrada.
  • Authored 55 bills on economic and social reforms.
  • Was honored "Outstanding Senator" of the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines.
  • Tagged by Asiaweek Magazine as one of the Most Powerful Women in Asia.
  • Honored as Woman of the Year by the Association of the Catholic Teachers of the Philippines.
  • Elected Vice-President of the Republic of the Philippines on May 11, 1998 where the total votes she garnered exceeded that of President Estrada’s.
  • Took oath under Chief Justice Hilario Davide as President of the Republic of the Philippines on January 20, 2001 at the EDSA Shrine after President Estrada left Malacañang.
  • Elected President of the Republic of the Philippines for six years in the national election of May 10, 2004.
  • Reaped the ire of the people because she sided with US President George Bush when he declared war on Iraq.
  • Her government faced a fiscal crisis because of the continued increase in the price of oil in the world market and the worsening economy.
  • Under her reign, truck driver Angelo dela Cruz and accountant Robert Tarongoy were taken hostages in Iraq and also United Nations volunteer Angelito Nayan in Afghanistan.
  • Her administration was faced with damages to properties caused by strong typhoons Unding, Violeta, Winnie, Yoyong, and Ondoy which brought about flood and great havoc to crops and infrastructures in several cities and provinces.

Learn this Filipino word:

ilakí ng ulo