C. The Commission on Elections - Page 2 of 2

(The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines)

Section 4

The Commission may, during the election period, supervise or regulate the enjoyment or utilization of all franchises or permits for the operation of transportation and other public utilities, media of communication or information, all grants, special privileges, or concessions granted by the Government or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including any government-owned or controlled corporation or its subsidiary.  Such supervision or regulation shall aim to ensure equal opportunity, time and space, and the right to reply, including reasonable, equal rates therefor, for public information campaigns and forums among candidates in connection with the objective of holding free, orderly, peaceful, and credible elections.

Section 5

No pardon, amnesty, parole, or suspension of sentence for violation of election rules, and regulations shall be granted by the President without a favorable recommendation of the Commission.

Section 6

A free and open party system shall be allowed to evolve according to the free choice of the people, subject to the provisions of this Article.

Section 7

No votes cast in favor of a political party, organization, or coalition shall be valid, except for those registered under the party-list system as provided in this Constitution.

Section 8

Political parties, or organizations or coalitions registered under the party-list system, shall not be represented in the voters' registration boards, boards of election inspectors, boards of canvassers, or other similar bodies.  However, they shall be entitled to appoint poll watchers in accordance with law.

Section 9

Unless otherwise fixed by the Commission in special cases, the election period shall commence ninety days before the day of the election and shall end thirty days after.

Section 10

Bona fide candidates for any public office shall be free from any form of harassment and discrimination.

Section 11

Funds certified by the Commission as necessary to defray the expenses for holding regular and special elections, plebiscites, initiatives, referenda, and recalls, shall be provided in the regular or special appropriations and, once approved, shall be released automatically upon certification by the Chairman of the Commission.

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