Section 3:

Conjugal Partnership Property

(The Family Code of the Philippines)

Article 116

All property acquired during the marriage, whether the acquisition appears to have been made, contracted or registered in the name of one or both spouses, is presumed to be conjugal unless the contrary is proved.  (160a)

Article 117

The following are conjugal partnership properties:

  1. Those acquired by onerous title during the marriage at the expense of the common fund, whether the acquisition be for the partnership, or for only one of the spouses;
  2. Those obtained from the labor, industry, work or profession of either or both of the spouses;
  3. The fruits, natural, industrial, or civil, due or received during the marriage from the common property, as well as the net fruits from the exclusive property of each spouse;
  4. The share of either spouse in the hidden treasure which the law awards to the finder or owner of the property where the treasure is found;
  5. Those acquired through occupation such as fishing or hunting;
  6. Livestock existing upon the dissolution of the partnership in excess of the number of each kind brought to the marriage by either spouse; and
  7. Those which are acquired by chance, such as winnings from gambling or betting.  However, losses therefrom shall be borne exclusively by the loser-spouse.  (153a, 154a, 155, 159)
Article 118

Property bought on installments paid partly from exclusive funds of either or both spouses and partly from conjugal funds belongs to the buyer or buyers if full ownership was vested before the marriage and to the conjugal partnership if such ownership was vested during the marriage.  In either case, any amount advanced by the partnership or by either or both spouses shall be reimbursed by the owner or owners upon liquidation of the partnership.  (n)

Article 119

Whenever an amount or credit payable within a period of time belongs to one of the spouses, the sums which may be collected during the marriage in partial payments or by installments on the principal shall be the exclusive property of the spouse.  However, interests falling due during the marriage on the principal shall belong to the conjugal partnership.  (156a, 157a)

Article 120

The ownership of improvements, whether for utility or adornment, made on the separate property of the spouses at the expense of the partnership or through the acts or efforts of either or both spouses shall pertain to the conjugal partnership, or to the original owner-spouse, subject to the following rules:

When the cost of the improvement made by the conjugal partnership and any resulting increase in value are more than the value of the property at the time of the improvement, the entire property of one of the spouses shall belong to the conjugal partnership, subject to reimbursement of the value of the property of the owner-spouse at the time of the improvement; otherwise, said property shall be retained in ownership by the owner-spouse, likewise subject to reimbursement of the cost of the improvement.

In either case, the ownership of the entire property shall be vested upon the reimbursement, which shall be made at the time of the liquidation of the conjugal partnership.  (158a)

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