Science and Technology

(The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines)

Section 10

Science and technology are essential for national development and progress.  The State shall give priority to research and development, invention, innovation, and their utilization; and to science and technology education, training, and services.  It shall support indigenous, appropriate, and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities, and their application to the country's productive systems and national life.

Section 11

The Congress may provide for incentives, including tax deductions, to encourage private participation in programs of basic and applied scientific research.  Scholarships, grants-in-aid, or other forms of incentives shall be provided to deserving science students, researchers, scientists, inventors, technologists, and specially gifted citizens.

Section 12

The State shall regulate the transfer and promote the adaptation of technology from all sources for the national benefit.  It shall encourage the widest participation of private groups, local governments, and community-based organizations in the generation and utilization of science and technology.

Section 13

The State shall protect and secure the exclusive rights of scientists, inventors, artists, and other gifted citizens to their intellectual property and creations, particularly when beneficial to the people, for such period as may be provided by law.

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