Section 2:

What Constitutes Community Property

(The Family Code of the Philippines)

Article 91

Unless otherwise provided in this Chapter or in the marriage settlements, the community property shall consist of all the property owned by the spouses at the time of the celebration of the marriage or acquired thereafter.  (197a)

Article 92

The following shall be excluded from the community property:

  1. Property acquired during the marriage by gratuitous title by either spouse, and the fruits as well as the income thereof, if any, unless it is expressly provided by the donor, testator or grantor that they shall form part of the community property;
  2. Property for personal and exclusive use of either spouse.  However, jewelry shall form part of the community property;
  3. Property acquired before the marriage by either spouse who has legitimate descendants by a former marriage, and the fruits as well as the income, if any, of such property.  (201a)
Article 93

Property acquired during the marriage is presumed to belong to the community, unless it is proved that it is one of those excluded therefrom.  (160)

Learn this Filipino word:

ibangon ang puri