Urban Land Reform and Housing

(The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines)

Section 1

The State shall, by law, and for the common good, undertake, in cooperation with the public sector, a continuing program of urban land reform and housing which will make available at affordable cost decent housing and basic services to underprivileged and homeless citizens in urban centers and resettlement areas.  It shall also promote adequate employment opportunities to such citizens.  In the implementation of such program the State shall respect the rights of small property owners.

Section 2

Urban or rural poor dwellers shall not be evicted nor their dwellings demolished, except in accordance with law and in a just and humane manner.  No resettlement of urban and rural dwellers shall be undertaken without adequate consultation with them and the communities where they are to be relocated.

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