Glossary

(English version of “Noli Me Tangere”)

abá
A Tagalog exclamation of wonder, surprise, etc., often used to introduce or emphasize a contradictory statement.
abaka
Manila hemp, the fiber of a plant of the banana family.
achara
Pickles made from the tender shoots of bamboo, green papayas, etc.
alcalde
Governor of a province or district with both executive and judicial authority.
alferez
Junior officer of the Civil Guard, ranking next below a lieutenant.
alibambang
A leguminous plant whose acid leaves are used in cooking.
alpay
A variety of nephelium, similar but inferior to the Chinese lichi.
among
Term used by the natives in addressing a priest, especially a friar: from the Spanish amo, master.
amores-secos
Barren loves, a low-growing weed whose small, angular pods adhere to clothing.
andas
A platform with handles, on which an image is borne in a procession.
asuang
A malignant devil reputed to feed upon human flesh, being especially fond of new-born babes.
até
The sweet-sop.
Audiencia
The administrative council and supreme court of the Spanish régime.
Ayuntamiento
A city corporation or council, and by extension the building in which it has its offices; specifically, in Manila, the capitol.
azotea
The flat roof of a house or any similar platform; a roof-garden.
babaye
Woman (the general Malay term).
baguio
The local name for the typhoon or hurricane.
bailúhan
Native dance and feast: from the Spanish baile.
balete
The Philippine banyan, a tree sacred in Malay folk-lore.
banka
A dugout canoe with bamboo supports or outriggers.
Bilibid
The general penitentiary at Manila.
buyo
The masticatory prepared by wrapping a piece of areca-nut with a little shell-lime in a betel-leaf: the pan of British India.
cabeza de barangay
Headman and tax collector for a group of about fifty families, for whose tribute he was personally responsible.

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Learn this Filipino word:

lamán ng kapitbahay